Belize, formerly British Honduras

Belize, formerly British Honduras, is sparsely populated and has next to no immigrants living here. The country is popular among all adventure lovers because of its close proximity to the sea and its rich forests. Besides, Belize has a rich and ancient historical background, which is evident in all the ruins of the Mayan period.

Initially Belize was under the great Mayan civilization. These people were great farmers, potters, artisans, fabric makers and their stone work and architecture was exemplary. They were experts in astronomy and mathematics, much beyond any other civilization at that time. Some of the archeological ruins of the Mayan cities still visible in Belize are Altun Ha, Caracol, Cahal Pech, Santa Rita and many more. 
 
The British ruled the British Honduras from the late 18th century after they won it from the Spanish in a battle. Soon after this small state was the bone of contention between the British and Guatemalan, who claimed it to be a part of its own territory. Even though British Honduras became an independent country in 1981, Guatemala refused to recognize the country till about 1991. The name British Honduras was changed to Belize in 1973. Belize is celebrating their independence every year on the public holiday Independence Day on the 21 September.


Belize has numerous cliffs, caves, mountain caves and deep rain forests intriguing enough to draw tourists of all varieties from all over the world. The black hole in the rain forest and the blue hole in the sea are favorite attractions for tourists
 
Belize has been a victim of hurricanes in the first half of the 20th century and has suffered a lot of damages. New towns have cropped up ever since, where the hurricane victims had shifted for shelter. Belmopan became its capital city in 1971. Belize City is still the most important city in the country, though not the capital any more. 
 
Belize has a story to tell – right from the Mayan culture to the Spanish invaders turned rulers to the British traders turned rulers to now an independent state. Even though scarred from battles and hurricanes, Belize is rich with the cultures absorbed from the different inhabitants.